This brief article hits the high points of the proposed regulations changes issued by the SBA on Feb. 5, 2015, and addresses what many companies would consider the most substantive changes to date. Notably, other articles have covered the mentor protégé proposed changes, allowing for other than 8(a) firms to be a part of that type of program, as well as different takes on the proposed certification and penalties. Those are not addressed in depth here.
The SBA is proposing to amend its regulations to implement provisions of the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010 and the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 2013. The proposed rules would establish a government-wide mentor protégé program for all small business concerns, which are to be consistent with the SBA’s 8(a) Program, while, at the same time, making changes to the 8(a) Program. The SBA re-enunciates that the explicit purpose of the mentor protégé relationship is to enhance the capabilities of protégés and to improve their ability to successfully compete for both government and commercial contracts.
The proposed rules would amend the current joint venture provisions to clarify the conditions for creating and operating joint venture partnerships, including the effect of such partnerships on any mentor-protégé relationships. The proposed rules would also make additional changes to current size, 8(a), and HUBZone regulations.
Changing the primary industry
The proposed rules would also allow the SBA to change the primary industry NAICS Code contained in a participant’s business plan where the greatest portion of the participant’s total revenues during a three-year period have evolved from one NAICS Code to another. In short, the SBA would evaluate from which NAICS Code the greatest portion of the firm’s revenue was derived for the last three years (assuming averaging it) and then allow the SBA to make the determination of which NAICS Code is the “actual” primary NAICS Code based on that revenue generation. The firm would receive notice before the SBA changed the NAICS Code. There may be an impact to the sister subsidiaries if a sister subsidiary is already operating, in that the NAICS Code that just had an “actual” NAICS Code determination and movement by the SBA in that one participant may be eliminated from the Program.
Joint ventures may only be unpopulated for separate legal entities
The proposed rule would specify that if a joint venture exists and is a formal separate legal entity, it may not be populated with individuals intended to perform the contracts awarded to the joint venture. The rule proposes to allow a separate legal entity to have its own employees to perform administrative functions but not to have its own separate employees to perform contracts awarded to the joint venture. In short, no more populated joint ventures for separate legal entities.
Joint venture performance of work and certifications/penalties
The proposed rule would also require the joint venture parties to report to the contracting officer and to the SBA how the error meeting has met the applicable performance of work requirements for each such contract. The joint venture must annually submit a report to the relevant contracting officer and the SBA certifying compliance with the regulations and joint venture agreement, and explaining how the performance of work requirements are being met. Once the contract is completed, a report certifying compliance and explaining how the performance of requirements were met for the contract.
- Potential Stinger: The required certifications will help ensure accountability and assist in the government’s ability to deter wrongdoing through criminal and civil fraud prosecutions as well as other administrative remedies such as suspension and debarment.
Common administrative services further defined
The proposed rule expands upon the definition of common administrative services and likely deserves some comments. Namely, it states that contract administrative services that encompass actual and direct day-to-day oversight and control of the performance of a contract/project are not shared common administrative services. This would include tasks such as:
- Negotiating directly with the government agency regarding proposal terms contract’s terms scope and modifications;
- Projects scheduling;
- Hiring and firing of employees; and
- Overall responsibility for the day-to-day and overall project contract completion.
Contract administration services that are administrative in nature may constitute administration services that can be shared to fall within the exception to affiliation. The administrative services related to a specific contract, for example, like employee time and attendance records, maintenance of data bases for awarding contracts, monitoring for regulatory, compliance, template development, and assisting accounting with invoice preparation would be considered common administrative services.
Officers and directors
Board members and/or tribal leaders may control holding company overseeing several tribally owned or ANC owned companies, provided they do not actually control the day-to-day management of more than two current 8(a) Program participant firms.
Business development may include both services that could be considered common administrative services under the exception and those that could not. Efforts of the holding company or parent level to identify possible procurement opportunities for specific subsidiary companies may properly be considered common administrative services. However, at some point the opportunity identified by the holding companies or parent entities’ business development efforts becomes concrete enough to assign to a subsidiary in that point the subsidiary must be involved in the business development efforts for such opportunity.
This does not mean to imply that one or more representatives of a holding company or parent entity cannot be involved in preparing an offer. They may be involved in assisting with repairing the generic part of an offer, but the specific subsidiary that intends to ultimately perform the contract must control the technical and contract specific portions of preparing an offer. Additionally, once award is made, employee assignments and the logistics for contract performance must be controlled by specific subsidiary company and should not be performed at a holding company or parent entity level.